Young people without family wealth are “right to be angry” at not being able to buy a home, Theresa May has said.
Announcing reforms to planning rules, the PM said home ownership was largely unaffordable to those without the support of “the bank of mum and dad”.
This disparity was entrenching social inequality and “exacerbating divisions between generations”, she said.
The PM also said homelessness was a “source of national shame” and £1bn was being spent to halve rough sleeping.
“Nobody should be without a roof over their head,” Mrs May told the National Planning Conference.
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Labour said Mrs May, who has made increasing levels of house building in England among her most pressing domestic priorities, should be embarrassed by the “feeble” measures being proposed.
“This housing crisis is made in Downing Street,” said shadow housing minister John Healey. “It’s time the Tories changed course, and backed Labour’s long-term plan to build the genuinely affordable homes.”
In her speech Mrs May said the existing National Planning Policy Framework will be overhauled, pending a consultation, with up to 80 proposals first put forward last year being implemented. The key measures are:
- 10% of homes on major sites should be available for affordable home ownership
- Builders to be more open about affordable housing commitments at planning stage
- Councils will have to adopt a new nationwide standard showing housing need in their areas
- Infrastructure needs to be considered at pre-planning stage
- Councils to consider revoking planning permission after two years if building has not started
- Ancient Woodland and aged trees to get specific protection
A separate review, due to be concluded later this year, will look at creating a new automatic right for homeowners to extend upwards and to make it easier to develop agricultural land for housing.
Mrs May said the cost of housing, both for ownership and rent, was reinforcing economic divisions and leading to growing social immobility, with public sector workers unable to take jobs in certain parts of the country.
“The result is a vicious circle from which most people can only escape with help from the bank of mum and dad,” she said.
“Talking to voters during last year’s election campaign, it was clear that many people, particularly younger people, are angry about this.
“Angry that, regardless of how hard they work, they won’t be able to buy a place of their own. Angry when they’re forced to hand more and more of their wages to a landlord to whom their home is simply a business asset.
“They’re right to be angry.”
Although the number of planning permissions being granted in England has risen since 2010, the PM said this has not been matched by a corresponding rise in the number of homes being built.
She pointed the finger of blame partly at developers who she said have a “perverse” financial incentive to hoard land once it had been approved for development rather than actually build on it.
She criticised bonuses for construction bosses which are “based not on the number of homes they build but on their profits or share price”.
“In a market where lower supply equals higher prices, that creates a perverse incentive, one that does not encourage them to build the homes we need,” she said.
There was an outcry last year after Persimmon announced that 140 staff would share a bonus pool of £500m and that its chief executive was in line for a payout of £110m, a figure that has since been reduced by £25m.
While the firm defended the payouts, saying they were a reward for success, critics say the tripling of the firm’s share price since 2013 was in part due to government subsidies for new homes via the Help to Buy Scheme.
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“I want to see planning permissions going to people who are actually going to build houses, not just sit on land and watch its value rise,” she said.
“I expect developers to do their duty to Britain and build the homes our country needs.”
Mrs May insisted that “tearing up” the Green Belt was not the answer to the UK’s housing crisis and that existing protections would be maintained and, in some cases, strengthened.
Councils will only be able to amend Green Belt boundaries if they can prove they have fully explored every other reasonable option for building the homes their community needs.
The Local Government Association said it was wrong to blame councils as they were approving nine out of ten proposed developments and yet more than 420,000 homes with permission were still waiting to be built.
“No-one can live in a planning permission,” said its chair Lord Porter.
“Developers need to get on with building affordable homes with the needed infrastructure and councils need greater powers to act where housebuilding has stalled.”
Housing policy is devolved in Scotland and Wales. The Scottish government has pledged to build 50,000 new affordable homes by 2021 while the Welsh government launched two schemes last week designed to help more people onto the housing ladder.
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